Scope & Trends

Area of forest land

Of Florida’s 17.16 million acres of forestland, longleaf and slash pines represent the largest category of tree species with 33.0 percent of total forestland area, followed by oak/gum/cypress (21.9%), oak/hickory (16.3%), and loblolly/shortleaf pine (10.7%). Pine and other softwood types represented 43.8 percent of forestland area, while oak and other hardwoods represented 44.0 percent. Florida is unique in the U.S. in having nearly 700,000 acres of tropical hardwoods (USDA Forest Service, 2015).

Area of forest land by forest type and stand origin, Florida, 2015

Forest Type Natural stands Artificial regeneration Total
- - - - - - - - - -Acres - - - - - - - - -
Longleaf / Slash Pine 2,679,400 2,983,014 5,662,414
Loblolly / Shortleaf Pine 786,603 1,044,530 1,831,134
Other Eastern Softwoods 22,010   22,010
Oak / Pine 1,247,773 249,665 1,497,438
Oak / Hickory 2,681,221 114,400 2,795,621
Oak / Gum / Cypress 3,711,618 44,554 3,756,172
Elm / Ash / Cottonwood 201,300   201,300
Other Hardwoods 26,688   26,688
Tropical Hardwoods 690,782 7,882 698,663
Exotic Hardwoods 50,078 11,942 62,020
Nonstocked 426,489 176,446 602,935
Total 12,523,962 4,632,434 17,156,396

Source: USDA-Forest Service, Forest Inventory and Analysis program

Forest ownership

In contrast with generalizations on forest ownership in many regions of the world, most of Florida’s forests are privately owned as opposed to publicly owned. In 2015, private ownership accounted for 64.3 percent of all of Florida’s forestlands whereas the federal government owned 15.6 percent and the state, local, and municipal governments owned 20.2 percent (USDA Forest Service, 2015). Private ownership includes industrial corporate ownership, non-industrial corporate ownership, and non-industrial non-corporate (individual and family) ownership.

Map of forest ownership in Florida, 2014


 

Florida forest land area by ownership and land use, 2015

Ownership class Timberland Reserved Forestland Other forestland Total
  - - - - - - - - Acres - - - - - -
National Forest 1,107,573 54,083 9,571 1,171,227
National Park Service   729,502   729,502
Fish and Wildlife Service   184,785   184,785
Department of Defense 520,956   24,527 545,483
Other federal 39,207     39,207
State 2,411,775 448,218 38,166 2,898,158
County and Municipal 336,622 175,665 37,729 550,017
Other local government 3,377   5,971 9,348
Private 10,856,821   171,848 11,028,669
Total 15,276,332 1,592,253 287,811 17,156,396

 

Forest land is defined as at least 10-percent stocked by trees of any size, including land that formerly had such tree cover and that will be naturally or artificially regenerated. The minimum area for classification of forest land is 1 acre and 120 feet wide measured stem-to-stem from the outer-most edge. Unimproved roads and trails, streams, and clearings in forest areas are classified as forest if less than 120 feet wide.

Source: USDA-Forest Service, Forest Inventory and Analysis program

Timber removals

Commercial timberland accounted for 15.28 million acres (89.0%) of Florida’s total forest land area in 2015, while reserved forestland not available to commercial use accounted for 1.59 million acres (9.3%) and miscellaneous other forestland accounted for 287,811 acres (1.7%) (USDA Forest Service, 2015). Total timber harvest removals from Florida forestlands in 2014 were estimated by Brenner et al (2015) at 16.33 M tons, including 4.89 M tons of pine sawtimber, 9.87 million tons of pine pulpwood, 1.32 M tons of mixed hardwood pulpwood, and 0.248 M tons of mixed hardwood sawtimber. A majority of timber removals in 2014 were from the longleaf-slash pine forest type (63%), followed by loblolly-shortleaf pine (19%), other pines (10%), cypress (3%), and other forest types (5%).

Timber removals by forest type, 2013

Source: USDA-Forest Service, Timber Product Output program.

 

The trends in timber removals during 2003-13 show an increase of 9.1% in overall removals, an increase of 10.6 percent for pulpwood, and a 4.9 fold increase for other industrial timber, but a decrease of 26.9 percent for saw logs. Timber removals in 2013 were dominated by the forest industry (71.5%) and other private landowners (18.6), with relatively small shares for National Forests (1.5%) and other public lands (8.3%). Net annual growth of timber on non-reserved forest lands in 2014 was estimated at 31.32 million green tons, or 1.92 times the harvest (removal) rate, indicating that the industry is harvesting timber at a sustainable level (Brenner et al, 2016).

Trend in timber removals in Florida by product type, 2003-13

,

 

Timber removals in Florida counties in 2014

County Pine Pulpwood Pine Sawtimber Hardwood & Cypress Pulpwood Hardwood & Cypress Sawtimber Total All Timber
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Green Tons - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Alachua 263,610 166,268 38,257 9,819 477,954
Baker 237,371 135,095 31,388 3,700 407,554
Bay 280,961 131,397 63 4,464 416,885
Bradford 116,684 109,322 16,757 3,862 246,625
Brevard 513 822 1,070 1,067 3,472
Broward 0 88 930 0 1,018
Calhoun 209,689 246,483 2,498 4,334 463,004
Charlotte 18,066 809 7,347 355 26,577
Citrus 17,104 9,502 4,336 5,731 36,673
Clay 249,016 139,636 22,729 4,663 416,044
Collier 21,237 2,219 5,741 0 29,197
Columbia 210,702 166,076 38,311 7,718 422,807
Dade 0 0 0 0 0
Desoto 13,884 666 10,091 617 25,258
Dixie 210,074 89,754 69,623 6,871 376,322
Duval 500,758 134,362 38,074 3,747 676,941
Escambia 151,161 77,624 14,217 1,033 244,035
Flagler 304,984 53,826 14,992 377 374,179
Franklin 121,005 29,465 944 2,814 154,228
Gadsden 241,179 149,022 47,625 4,701 442,527
Gilchrist 95,006 89,926 21,623 4,413 210,968
Glades 11,587 248 19,201 314 31,350
Gulf 150,479 184,711 193 3,303 338,686
Hamilton 163,336 106,627 21,923 4,628 296,514
Hardee 11,483 1,590 10,961 954 24,988
Hendry 14,176 414 16,745 4 31,339
Hernando 14,894 4,004 5,779 4,745 29,422
Highlands 10,946 777 19,942 801 32,466
Hillsborough 24,973 5,181 14,436 8,725 53,315
Holms 245,650 168,313 16,619 2,693 433,275
Indian River 178 0 541 365 1,084
Jackson 501,946 350,338 54,701 6,722 913,707
Jefferson 112,257 55,089 66,441 7,682 241,469
Lafayette 370,891 132,225 43,548 7,568 554,232
lake 30,348 7,179 11,048 5,524 54,099
Lee 19,799 1,095 7,266 195 28,355
Leon 126,597 86,049 38,518 6,594 257,758
Levy 155,181 156,933 28,979 10,367 351,460
Liberty 348,229 157,812 6,292 6,380 518,713
Madison 187,833 109,837 52,283 6,641 356,594
Manatee 9,125 1,356 7,489 3,122 21,092
Marion 238,184 83,754 30,819 11,858 364,615
Martin 960 0 3,048 0 4,008
Monroe 0 0 0 0 0
Nassau 438,410 102,043 38,849 3,394 582,696
Okaloosa 221,588 62,448 20,959 1,269 306,264
Okeechobee 494 108 3,784 328 4,714
Orange 15,025 4,258 6,421 1,894 27,598
Osceola 7,633 2,790 6,719 1,913 19,055
Palm Beach 597 0 11,322 0 11,919
Pasco 19,790 6,890 7,262 6,684 40,626
Pinellas 3,755 846 2,474 2,186 9,261
Polk 38,985 8,957 27,346 9,461 84,749
Putnam 329,715 89,110 44,128 2,875 465,828
Santa Rosa 369,305 97,003 25,728 1,336 493,372
Sarasota 8,549 314 2,348 887 12,098
Seminole 4,900 1,225 1,818 559 8,502
St Johns 251,006 80,531 28,585 873 360,995
St Lucie 6 0 1,865 164 2,035
Sumter 30,161 4,999 11,997 4,875 52,032
Suwannee 315,921 188,684 39,984 8,017 552,606
Taylor 901,107 441,811 100,775 11,213 1,454,906
Union 87,367 128,359 36,047 3,831 255,604
Volusia 96,452 29,719 8,224 1,160 135,555
Wakulla 107,397 88,831 13,808 7,458 217,494
Walton 369,405 92,767 10,625 4,713 477,510
Washington 242,275 113,586 8,653 3,535 368,049
Total All Areas 9,871,899 4,891,173 1,323,109 248,096 16,334,277

Source: Brenner et al (2016).

Timber removals by ownership in Florida, 2013

  Softwood Hardwood All Species  
Ownership class
- - - - - Thousand Cubic Feet - - - - - - Percent of
  Total 
National Forest 7,428 428 7,856 1.50%
Other Public 40,559 2,177 42,736 8.30%
Forest Industry 349,834 17,291 367,125 71.50%
Other Private 91,331 4,352 95,683 18.60%
Total 489,153 24,248 513,401 100.00%
Total forest industry and other private 441,165 21,643 462,808 90.10%

Source: USDA-Forest Service, Timber Product Output program.

 

The value of timber harvested from Florida forestlands was estimated using timber removals data together with weighted average timber stumpage prices for Florida in 2014 from Forest2Market, Inc. (Forest2Market, Inc., 2017). Prices for timber products were $25.35 per ton for pine sawtimber, $15.56 for pine pulpwood, $21.86 for mixed hardwood sawtimber and $8.94 for hardwood pulpwood. The total stumpage value to landowners was estimated at $316.5 M, including $285.3 M for private landowners, $21.0 M for state and local governments, and $10.2 M for the federal government.

Timber removals, average stumpage price and value by
product type and ownership in Florida, 2014

Product / Ownership Timber Removals   (tons)  Average
Price ($/ton)
Stumpage
Value (M$)
Pine Sawtimber 4,891,170 25.35 126.63
Pine Pulpwood 9,871,902 15.56 173.35
Mixed Hardwood Sawtimber 248,093 21.86 5.77
Hardwood Pulpwood 1,323,109 8.94 10.72
Total 16,334,227   316.47
Private Ownership 285.28
Federal Government Ownership 10.19
State/Local Government Ownership     21

Price for pine sawtimber is an average of sawtimber and chip-n-saw.
Sources: Brenner et al, 2016 (timber removals); Forest2Market (prices)

 

Tree Plantings

Information on forest tree planting in Florida was provided by the Florida Forest Service, based on surveys of forest nurseries, tree planting contractors and large landowners. Since 2010, an average of 74 million trees were planted annually on 122,000 acres, and the number of acres planted has gradually increased over time (Figure 7 ). In addition, in 2015 there were 1.65 million acres of Florida forestlands with timber stands 0 to 5 years of age, suggesting an average of 330,000 acres are regenerated annually through natural or artificial means (USDA Forest Service, 2015).

Forest tree planting in Florida, 2010-15

Source: Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Forest Service

Wood using mills and manufacturers

In 2016, there were 74 primary wood-using mills in Florida, including sawmills (32), pulp mills (6), mills for mulch (19), poles/posts (7), plywood, veneer or oriented strand board (2), wood chips (8), firewood or wood fuel pellets (2), shavings/animal bedding (2), and biomass fueled electricity generation plants (3). Data from 2014 suggest that there were 363 secondary wood and paper product manufacturers in Florida. Complete listings of primary wood-using mills and secondary wood product manufacturers are provided by the Forest Products Network and are available at: http://forestproductslocator.org/welcome.

Summary of wood-using mills in Florida,
by size class, 2016

Mill Type Large Medium Small Total All
  Sizes 
Chip 3 3
Chip/Sawmill 4 1 5
Energy Product 3 3
Firewood 1 1 2
Mulch 1 15 16
Mulch/Post Pole 1 1
Mulch/Sawmill 1 1
Post Pole 3 2 5
Pulp Paper 6 6
Sawmill 5 3 17 25
Sawmill/Mulch 1 1
Sawmill/Post Pole 1 1
Shavings 2 2
Veneer Plywood Panels 1 1 2
Other 1 1
Total All Types 24 12 38 74

Source: Forest Products Network

 

Map of primary wood-using mills in Florida in 2016,
by mill type and size

Note: Size of symbol indicates size of mill (large, medium, small). Source: Forest Product Network (2016)

 

Map of secondary wood and paper product manufacturers in
Florida in 2014, by NAICS industry and principal species used

NAICS industry sectors

Industry sectors are classified based on the primary product or service produced or technology used and are defined by the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Forest industry sectors broadly fall into four major groups: 113-Forestry and Logging, 321-Wood Product Manufacturing, 322-Paper Manufacturing, and Other Sectors. Forestry and logging is comprised of separate sectors for timber tract operations, forest nurseries and gathering of forest products, logging, and support activities for forestry. Wood product manufacturing includes primary wood products sectors for sawmills, wood preservation, veneer and plywood, engineered wood members and trusses, and reconstituted wood products (e.g. particleboard, oriented strandboard), plus secondary wood products sectors for windows and doors, cut stock, other millwork, wood containers, and all other wood products. Note that prefabricated wood buildings and mobile homes were not included in this analysis, although these sectors are classified within the wood products industry. Paper manufacturing includes pulp mills, paper mills, and paperboard mills for primary products from roundwood, plus converted paper products such as paperboard containers, paper bags, coated and treated paper, stationary (writing paper), sanitary paper, and all other converted paper products. Other sectors included in this analysis were allied manufacturers of gum and wood chemicals and sawmill, woodworking and paper machinery. In addition, lumber, plywood, and wood panel merchant wholesalers for distribution of forest products to retailers were included in the study.

North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
sectors evaluated for the Florida forest industry

113    Forestry and Logging

1131    Timber Tract Operations

1132    Forest Nurseries and Gathering of Forest Products

1133   Logging

1153    Support Activities for Forestry

321    Wood Product Manufacturing

3211    Sawmills and Wood Preservation

321113  Sawmills

321114   Wood Preservation

3212    Veneer, Plywood, and Engineered Wood Product Manufacturing

321211   Hardwood Veneer and Plywood Manufacturing

321212   Softwood Veneer and Plywood Manufacturing

321213   Engineered Wood Member (except Truss) Manufacturing

321214   Truss Manufacturing

321219   Reconstituted Wood Product Manufacturing

3219    Other Wood Product Manufacturing

32191  Millwork

321911   Wood Window and Door Manufacturing

321912   Cut Stock, Resawing Lumber, and Planing

321918   Other Millwork (including Flooring)

32192   Wood Container and Pallet Manufacturing

32199   All Other Wood Product Manufacturing

322    Paper Manufacturing

3221    Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Mills

32211   Pulp Mills

32212   Paper Mills

32213   Paperboard Mills

3222    Converted Paper Product Manufacturing

32221   Paperboard Container Manufacturing

322211  Corrugated and Solid Fiber Box Manufacturing

322212  Folding Paperboard Box Manufacturing

322219  Other Paperboard Container Manufacturing

32222   Paper Bag and Coated and Treated Paper Manufacturing

32223   Stationery Product Manufacturing

32229  Other Converted Paper Product Manufacturing

322291  Sanitary Paper Product Manufacturing

322299  All Other Converted Paper Product Manufacturing

Other Sectors

325194  Cyclic Crude, Intermediate, and Gum and Wood Chemical Manufacturing

333243  Sawmill, Woodworking, and Paper Machinery Manufacturing

423310 Lumber, Plywood, Millwork, and Wood Panel Merchant Wholesalers

221117 Biomass Electric Power Generation

Source: U.S. Commerce Department, NAICS lookup tool.

Establishments, employment and wages

The number of forest industry establishments, average employment and total wages paid in Florida in 2016 are published in the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. There were 1,849 forest-related employer establishments in the state, with total employment of 30,956 fulltime and part-time workers, and total wages paid of $1,541 M. Note that in order to avoid breach of confidential information, employment and wages were not disclosed for sectors with a small number of firms. Values for these undisclosed sectors were estimated based on averages per firm or by deduction from parent industry sectors. The largest industry sectors in terms of employment were lumber and wood merchant wholesalers (5,412 jobs), truss manufacturing (3,163 jobs), paperboard container manufacturing (2,923 jobs), sawmills (2,107 jobs), support activities for forestry (1,837 jobs), wood container and pallet manufacturing (1,720 jobs), logging (1,688 jobs), and sanitary paper product manufacturing (1,648 jobs). The largest sectors in terms of wages paid were wood merchant wholesalers ($297 M), paperboard container manufacturing ($173 M), truss manufacturing ($131 M), and paperboard mills ($105 M). The overall average wages paid per employee was $51,109 (reflects fulltime and part-time employees).

Number of establishments, average employment and total wages
paid in Florida forest industry sectors, 2016

NAICS Industry Title Average
Number
Establishments
Average
Employment
(Jobs)
Total Wages
Paid (M$)
1131 Timber tract operations 51 307 25.8
1132 Forest nursery and gathering forest products 42 367 10.4
1133 Logging 205 1,688 73.1
1153 Support activities for forestry 163 1,837 65.8
321113 Sawmills 63 2,107 89.5
321114 Wood preservation 15 411 17.3
321211 Hardwood veneer and plywood manufacturing 14 23 1.2
321212 Softwood veneer and plywood manufacturing* 4 483 31.7
321213 Engineered wood member manufacturing 7 56 2.1
321214 Truss manufacturing 69 3,163 130.5
321219 Reconstituted wood product manufacturing 7 174 20.2
321911 Wood window and door manufacturing 77 1,144 47.2
321912 Cut stock, resawing lumber, and planning 14 115 3.7
321918 Other millwork, including flooring 126 1,565 66.5
32192 Wood container and pallet manufacturing 101 1,720 56.6
321999 All other miscellaneous wood product mfg. 121 760 32.8
32211 Pulp mills* 2 275 23.4
32212 Paper mills 17 1,122 82.3
32213 Paperboard mills* 9 1,239 105.2
32221 Paperboard container manufacturing 85 2,923 172.8
32222 Paper bag and coated and treated paper mfg. 43 803 42.9
32223 Stationery product manufacturing 22 402 26
322291 Sanitary paper product manufacturing 24 1,648 98.1
322299 All other converted paper product mfg. 31 305 13.6
325194 Cyclic crude, and gum and wood chemical mfg. (forest chemicals)* 9 699
333243 Sawmill, woodworking, and paper machinery mfg. 13 95 5
423310 Lumber and wood merchant wholesalers 523 5,412 297
221117 Biomass Electric Power Generation* 3 114
Total   1,849 30,956 1,541

Asterisks indicate sectors for which employment and wages were estimated from other sources for nondisclosed data.
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages.

 

Employment trends

Total employment in these sectors rose from 36,273 jobs in 2001 to a peak of 42,922 jobs in 2006, then declined during the Great Recession and its aftermath to 24,171 jobs in 2011, and has since steadily recovered to just under 30,000 jobs in 2016, representing a 17.3 percent decline in total forest industry employment over the 2001-16 period. Among specific sectors, employment increased for sawmills and wood preservation plants (+10.3%) and lumber/wood wholesalers (+2.9%), but declined for plywood/engineered wood mills (-33.0%), converted paper products (-26.0%), pulp/paper/paperboard mills (-19.4%), other wood products (-18.1%), and forestry/logging (-12.9%). Since 2011, forest industry employment increased by 24.0 percent, led by plywood/engineered wood (+132%), sawmills/wood preservation (+85%), and other wood product manufacturing (+62%). The number of forest industry employer firms (establishments) declined by 0.4 percent over the entire time period (2001-16) but has increased by 3.1 percent between 2011 and 2016.

Trend in forest industry employment, 2001-16

 

Trend in forest industry employment, by industry 2001-16

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Exports

Data on international export shipments of forest products shipped from Florida ports are available from the USA Trade Online database, published by the U.S. Census Bureau. Exports are published at both the state and port levels. State-level exports include all forest products originating in Florida that depart for an international destination, regardless of the port of exit. Port-level exports are not tracked by state of origin and do not include international shipments that originated in Florida but were shipped from a port outside of Florida, such as Savannah, GA, Brunswick, GA, and Mobile, AL. The total value of all Florida forest products exported to an international destination was $1.801 billion, including $790 M (43.9%) for wood pulp, $376 M (20.9%) for bulk paper/paperboard products, $257 M (14.3%) for converted paper products, $147 M (8.2%) for fuel wood and charcoal, $135 M (7.5%) for solid wood products, $58 M (3.2%) for forest chemicals, and $38 M (2.1%) for composite wood products. The total weight of shipments by waterborne vessels was 3.649 M metric tons, and the total value of waterborne vessel shipments was $1.510 B.

 

VALUE AND WEIGHT OF FOREST PRODUCT EXPORTS FROM FLORIDA, 2016

Commodity Group / Commodity Code Value (M$) Vessel
Weight
(1000 MT)
Vessel
Value
(M$)
Solid Wood Products 135 299 130.1
4403 Wood in the rough, stripped or not of sapwood 17.7 105 17.4
4404 Hoopwood; split poles; pickets and stakes 0.4 0 0.3
4405 Wood wool (excelsior); wood flour 0.1 0 0.1
4406 Railway or tramway sleepers (cross-ties) of wood 0 0 0
4407 Wood sawn or chipped length, sliced 96.7 173 94.3
4408 Veneer sheets, not over 6 mm thick 3.2 3 2.7
4409 Wood, continuously shaped (tongued, grooved) 17 19 15.3
Composite Wood Products 37.7 34 29.8
4410 Particle board & similar board of wood 7.5 1 0.7
4411 Fiberboard of wood or other ligneous materials 1.1 1 0.8
4412 Plywood, veneered panels & similar laminated wood 26.4 30 26.2
4413 Densified wood blocks/plates/strips/profile shapes 0.5 0 0.4
4415 Packings, wood; pallets, collars of wood 2.2 3 1.7
Fuel Wood And Charcoal 147.1 1,066 147
4401 Fuel wood in logs, wood in chips 146.6 1,066 146.6
4402 Wood charcoal, whether or not agglomerated 0.5 1 0.4
Wood Pulp 789.8 1,610 673.3
4701 Mechanical wood pulp 0 0 0
4702 Chemical wood pulp, dissolving grades 231.3 180 219.3
4703 Chemical wood pulp, soda or sulfate, not dissoly. grades 409.2 437 311.4
4704 Chemical wood pulp, sulfite, not dissolving grades 0.2 0 0.2
4705 Wood pulp from mechanical/chemical pulp processes 0 0 0
4706 Pulps of fibers from recovered paper, other cell. mat'l 2.8 3 2.8
4707 Waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 146.3 989 139.7
Bulk Paper/Paperboard Products 376.2 532 312
4801 Newsprint, in rolls or sheets 4.2 2 0.8
4802 Paper, uncoated, for writing, rolls; handmade paper 121.5 101 97
4803 Toilet, household/sanitary stock paper roll or sheets 10.7 5 9.9
4804 Kraft paper & paperboard, uncoated nesoi, rolls 219.5 401 189
4805 Paper & paperboard, uncoated, nesoi, rolls or sheets 15.1 20 11.8
4806 Veg parchment, greaseproof papers, rolls 1.1 0 1.1
4807 Composite paper & paperboard, no surf. coat 2 0 0.2
4808 Paper and paperboard, corrugated, rolls 2.3 2 2.1
Converted Paper Products 257.1 78 171.7
4809 Paper, carbon, self-copy, rolls 8.3 4 7.9
4810 Paper & paperboard, coated with kaolin 48.1 16 15
4811 Paper, paperboard, wad, coated, nesoi 34.3 13 21.2
4812 Filter blocks, slabs and plates, of paper pulp 0.2 0 0.1
4813 Cigarette paper 2.2 1 2.2
4814 Wallpaper, window transparencies of paper 4.3 0 3.1
4815 Floor coverings, paper/paperboard base 0 0 0
4816 Paper, carbon, self-copy, boxed or not 7.4 2 6.5
4817 Envelopes, postcards & boxes of stationary 5.5 1 4.7
4818 Toilet paper, towels, household/hospital art. of paper 14.8 5 14
4819 Cartons paper; office box files 72.7 24 53.4
4821 Labels of paper or paperboard, printed or not 18.9 1 10.8
4822 Bobbins, spools etc. of pap pulp, paper & paperboard 0.2 0 0.2
4823 Paper, paperboard, cellulosic wad to size & arts nesoi 40.3 11 32.7
Forest Chemicals 57.6 30 46.2
3803 Tall oil, whether or not refined 4.2 5 3.4
3804 Residual lyes from wood pulp mfr (except tall oil) 0.2 0 0.2
3805 Turpentine, crude dipentene, pine oil 35 22 34.8
3806 Rosin & resin acids, rosin spirit, run gum 18.2 4 7.9
3807 Wood tar, vegetable pitch & similar preps 0 0 0
Total 1,800.60 3,649 1,510.10

Nesoi = not elsewhere specified or indicated.
Source: USDOC-Census Bureau.

 

The largest export destination region was South/Central America with $520 M in export value, representing 28.9 percent of total exports, followed closely by Europe ($480 M, 26.7%) and Asia ($466 M, 25.9%), then by North America ($298 M, 16.5%), while exports to Africa and Australia/Oceania were comparatively small.

The largest seaports for value of export shipments were Jacksonville ($337 M), Panama City ($288 M), Miami ($253 M), and Port Everglades-Ft. Lauderdale ($249 M). Exports valued in excess of $100 M were made for wood pulp from Jacksonville ($219 M), fuel wood from Panama City ($119 M), and converted paper products from Miami ($106 M) and Port Everglades ($104 M). Some high unit value shipments were also made from airports in Miami, Ft. Lauderdale, and Orlando. Forest product exports represent a significant share of overall commodity export values from Panama City, Fernandina and Pensacola. In terms of weight, the largest seaport was Panama City (959,981 tonnes), due to a large volume of wood fuel pellets (696,923 tonnes), followed by Jacksonville, (872,929 tonnes) and Miami (771,845 tonnes).

Value and weight of forest product exports
from specific Florida ports, 2016

Florida Port Solid Woop Products Composite Wood Products Fuel Wood and Charcoal Wood Pulp Bulk Paper Products Converted Paper Products Forest Chemicals Total Weight (Tonnes) Percent of Value All Commodities
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Million dollars - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Jacksonville 35.09 5.55 16.82 219.37 22.78 29.61 7.6 336.81 872,979 5.60%
Panama City 3.24 3.8 118.83 76.65 79.56 6.1 0.23 288.41 959,981 58.00%
Miami 11.13 3.63 0.27 93.98 37.27 106.24 0.91 253.42 771,845 2.70%
Port Everglades 40.86 9.07 0.43 4.84 88.76 104.08 1.12 249.16 235,906 2.10%
Fernandina 12.66 1.33 0 0 47.51 8.18 0 69.67 122,839 47.30%
West Palm Beach 28.11 7.47 0.16 0 3.94 15.3 0.02 55 60,521 3.00%
Miami Airport 1.45 1.72 0.02 0.27 1.7 28.16 0.18 33.5 6,240 0.10%
Tampa 0 0.3 0 16.64 0.48 4.8 0.05 22.27 112,409 1.10%
Port Manatee 0 0 0 2.65 13.34 0.04 0 16.03 39,860 15.00%
Pensacola 5.75 0.03 0 0 8.13 0 0 13.91 28,468 36.20%
Orlando 0.67 0 0 0 0 0.24 0 0.91 144 0.00%
Ft. Lauderdale Airport 0 0 0 0 0.01 0.08 0 0.1 20 0.00%
Key West 0 0 0 0 0 0.07 0 0.07 21 0.20%
Fort Pierce 0.01 0.02 0 0.01 0 0 0 0.04 21 0.50%
Orlando Executive Airport 0 0 0 0 0 0.02 0 0.02 2 0.10%
Orlando-Sanford Airport 0 0 0 0.01 0 0 0 0.01 8 0.00%
St. Petersburg 0 0.01 0 0 0 0 0 0.01 12 1.80%
Port Canaveral 0 0 0 0 0 0.01 0 0.01 0 0.00%
Total 138.97 32.94 136.53 414.42 303.46 302.93 10.11 1,339.35 3,211,274  

Source: USDOC-Census Bureau

Export trends

Over the period 2002-16, exports of all forest commodities increased by 2.2 fold in nominal dollar terms, or an average of 8.8 percent annually. Growth in exports was very strong for fuel wood and charcoal (60x), wood pulp (2.3x) and bulk paper/paperboard products (3.3x) (Figure 12 ). Exports during 2013-16 increased to Europe and Asia, but declined to South/Central America, and remained steady to North America, Africa and Australia/Oceania.

Trend in value of Florida forest product
exports by type of product, 2002-16

Source: USDOC-Census Bureau

Trend in value of Florida forest product
exports by world region, 2013-16

Source: USDOC-Census Bureau

REFERENCES:

Brenner, A., C. Lopez, M. Yoders, J. Cothrun, M. Milligan, and B. Condon. Comprehensive Statewide Forest Inventory Analysis and Study (CSFIAS) Updated 2015: Executive Report, Florida Forestry Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, 2016, available at: http://www.freshfromflorida.com/Divisions-Offices/Florida-Forest-Service/Our-Forests/Working-Forest/Comprehensive-Statewide-Forest-Inventory-Analysis-and-Study-CSFIAS-2015.

 

Forest2Market, Inc., Timber Prices, 2017, available at http://forest2market.com/.

 

Forest Products Network. Listing of wood-using mills (2016) and secondary forest product manufacturers (2014), by state, available at http://www.forestproductslocator.org/welcome.

 

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, data for 2001-16, annual, available at https://www.bls.gov/data/#employment.

 

U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. USA Trade Online, data on forest product exports, available at:https://usatrade.census.gov/.

 

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. Forest Inventory and Analysis Program. Data for Florida, 2015, available athttps://www.fia.fs.fed.us/tools-data/.